Autumn 2005

    Issue: Autumn 2005

    Table of Contents

    • Celebrity Musician to Tour Stamford, Connecticut with Exclusive Art BoutiqueFor five weeks, electronic recording artist Moby and friends will transform 583 Art Factory, in downtown Stamford, into a haven for visionary aficionados. From October 20 to November 26, the south end gallery will showcase the music mogul#39;s limited edition prints and clothing, and originals by an artist collective created by Moby.Moby and the collective will appear on opening night, October 20, from 6 p.m to 9 p.m. Visitors can enjoy vegan snacks and a complimentary Teany Beverage Bar, featuring Moby#39;s line of natural herbal iced teas and the famous Teany Martini – sponsored by Triple 8 Vodka. The free event will be followed by a concert by The Zambonis at 9:00.The story of the Little Idiot collective all began in early 1982. During this era when people still bought records, Moby, then a Darien teenager, doodled a design on every shopping bag that left Johnny#39;s Records. Thus was born the antennaed character called the Little Idiot mdash; now the namesake of an illustrators#39; collective.Moby would later open the Little Idiot boutique in Manhattan#39;s Lower East Side. The novel designs of ten illustrators, including Moby, transform t-shirts, hats, bags, and sweatshirts into unique works of art. (Prices for clothing and prints range from $30 to $185).Collector edition t-shirts have been specially designed by Moby, who will sign the first 200 shirts sold. Sale proceeds of these commemorative event t-shirts will benefit Friends of Animals, explained gallery owner Lee Milazzo. As fans know, Moby is a vegan and passionate animal rights activist.583 Art Factory is nestled in the heart of Stamford#39;s antique district at 583 Pacific Street. Situated inside a gracious, turn-of-the-century brick factory, the gallery treats visitors to a year-round working art studio. For event or merchandise information, call 203-325-1924 or visit

    • Sacred ChowThe Pursuit of Peaceful ProteinsA cow, seated in the lotus position and underscored by the caption lsquo;Vegan Tapas,rsquo; greets visitors to the newly located and expanded Sacred Chow in Manhattanrsquo;s West Village.More than a symbol, the cow in the lotus position gives a clue to the philosophy and vision behind this restaurant.Cliff Preefer opened the original location at Hudson Street in 1995. The restaurant buzzed, but its small size meant a mostly carry-out atmosphere with few tables. So Cliff made the move to the larger Sullivan Street location, looking to ldquo;create an ambiance.rdquo; Cliff expresses a devotion to peaceful change: ldquo;Everything we do is a practice of trying to be less violent.rdquo; Instead of anger toward others who do not share this peaceful perspective on diet, Cliff resolved to ldquo;make me more gentle, and maybe in that way, I can affect other things in the world.rdquo;Upon entering Sacred Chow, guests find a warm brick interior and a soothing mosaic fountain, brightened by hanging lanterns. A lone silver disco ball in the back of the room adds a dash of kitsch.The menu offers ldquo;powerful vegan foods to fuel your mind, body and soul,rdquo; and features organic, kosher ingredients. My concern was the irony that the restaurant does serve a few dairy products. They are pointed out, and a vegan alternative is noted in each case. Still, as observed by Richard Twine, Daniel Hammer and Lee Hall at our July conference, a cowrsquo;s freedom from the dairy shouldnrsquo;t be a marginal issue. I hope the management is open to persuasion on this; if so, the restaurant will become truly non-violent.My recommendationsSacred Chowrsquo;s menu is divided into sections listed as Power Protein Heroes, Power Soups and Stews, Power Tapas, Power Beverages, and Power Pastries. A good choice from the Power Protein Heroes is the Orange Barbecued Seitan Sub, made with sliced chunky orange-molasses seitan, and roasted ginger, onions, garlic sauce and casein-free soy cheese. The dish is served on a toasted six-inch hero roll, and comes with baby greens, pickle spears and tangy dill spread.From the Power Tapas section, Irsquo;d pick the Dijon Marinated Raw Kale, pleasing to both the palate and eye. The fresh, crisp combination of purple and green kale is complemented well by the marinade and is a nice entrance to the idea of enjoying raw vegetables.The Root Vegetable Latkes are delicate and mild, and quite a contrast to traditional greasy, heavy latkes. They are served with an earthy and rich Carrot Pâté.The Spicy Kalamata Olive Seitan is an ace, with a unique consistency and taste. Chewy, moist, and brushed with a bit of spice, the tender bite-sized pieces are served with a dipping sauce with floating bits of ginger.In addition to wonderful service, my accommodating server invited me to sample the Grilled Western Tofu. Served chilled, the dish has a distinctly smoked essence.The large selection of desserts is irresistible, no matter how full you are. I chose the Soy Cream-Frosted Cupcakes. Covered in rainbow sprinkles, the smooth, creamy chocolate frosting complements the moist vanilla cake, adding just a light sweet touch mdash; a perfect finish.Sacred Chow: The detailsFind it at 227 Sullivan Street (between West 3rd and Bleecker Streets)New York, NY 10012 212.337.0863 or 212.337.0864On the Internet at www.sacredchow.comOpen daily for Breakfast at 8am through 11pm daily. Weekend Brunch menu.Sacred Chow Power Happy Hour specials from 4pm-6:30pm daily.Free delivery-minimum order-$10.00. Delivery area-West and East Village, Soho Wholesale and house accounts available. Catering available in addition to special occasion cakes.

    • Heifer International, a supporter of the ldquo;Live 8rdquo; series of charity concerts [fn]Live 8 was a global concert that took place in various cities around the world in July 2005. Money from Live 8 goes to the Band Aid Charitable Trust which has funded animal projects for Farm Africa and OxFam, among others. See Live 8 Funding Summary (2000-2005).[/fn], is a nonprofit operation started by Dan West to provide domesticated animals to impoverished families in order to produce food and income. West, an Indiana farmer and a member of the Church of the Brethren, came up with the idea for the project (originally called Heifers for Relief) as a relief worker distributing cups of milk to refugees during the Spanish Civil War. Westrsquo;s concept for ending hunger was to provide cows instead of cups of milk. In 1944, the first Heifer Project involved sending a shipment of dairy cattle from Pennsylvania to Puerto Rico. [fn]A History of Heifer, 2005 Project Profile, Heifer International.[/fn]Incidentally, 1944 was the founding year of the Vegan Society. [fn]History, The Vegan Society (dated 2003; last visited 12 July 2005).[/fn] The Vegan Society, started in England by Elsie Shrigley and Donald Watson, [fn]History, The Vegan Society (dated 2003; last visited 12 July 2005).[/fn] is dedicated to promoting veganism as a way of living which excludes all forms of exploitation of, and cruelty to, [animals], and includes a reverence for life. [fn]Jo Stepaniak, The Name Game: Coming to Terms, Grassroots Veganism (dated 1998-2005; last visited 12 July 2005).[/fn]Heifer International currently has 525 active projects in 47 counties and in 30 states in the United States. [fn]Joe Eaton and Ron Sullivan, Getting Poverty#39;s Goat, Earth Island Journal (dated Summer 2005; last visited 11 July 2005).[/fn] There is nary an animal that Heifer doesn#39;t exploit as a means to its end. The project descends on camels, cows, chickens, donkeys, ducks, fish, geese, goats, guinea pigs, llamas, oxen, pigs, rabbits, sheep and water buffalo. And even if animal-based agriculture makes up the backbone of Heifer#39;s project, a backbone isn#39;t required. Other animals Heifer trades are bees, earthworms and snails. [fn]These are income-producing animals; that is, people who receive animals from Heifer are selling the animal and their by-products. The Earth Island Journal notes:Heifer International is about much more than cattle, of course. Chickens far outnumber cows among its donated animals, and care is taken to select livestock appropriate to local ecologies and economies. Program participants work with earthworms, edible snails, bees (both standard and stingless), silkworms, crayfish, ostriches, geese, guinea fowl, guinea pigs, alpacas, grasshoppers, water buffalo, yaks, and, in one Thai project, elephants. Heifer also assists Mozambican villagers in developing the sustainable hunting of crocodiles, but does not provide the crocodiles.Another animal used by Heifer is the grasscutter, a rodent and popular source of flesh in Ghana where it is a preferred bushmeat species. Hunting grasscutters has been discouraged because hunting method involving fire have led to environmental damage. The Heifer Foundation, commenting on Heifer International projects in Ghana, assures the public that safe and organically grown grasscutter can command high prices in the local markets and from tourists traveling to the coastal areas. These are relatively new projects for Heifer, but an example of how Heifer works with recipients to assess and implement culturally-appropriate projects. Sadly, this attitude undermines Ghana#39;s branch of the Vegan Society.[/fn]Recipients of Heifer Internationalrsquo;s largesse are expected to follow the principle of passing on the gift. Passing on the Gift embodies Heifer International#39;s philosophy of practical sharing and caring. Heifer recipients agree to pass on one or more of their animal#39;s offspring, training or skills to another family in need. [fn]Cornerstones, 2005 Project Profile, Heifer International.[/fn]Working to end world hunger is commendable, but exploiting animal life to do it could actually worsen global famine trends. Whereas many vegans adopt a plant-based lifestyle because of concerns for world hunger, animal-based agriculture contributes to global hunger, because it uses up half the world#39;s grain. [fn]George Monbiot, Why Vegans Were Right All Along: Famine can only be avoided if the rich give up meat, fish and dairy, The Guardian (24 December 2002).[/fn]And nonhuman animals are not, as Heifer says, food- and income-producing livestock, [fn]Fact Sheet, Heifer International.[/fn] but conscious beings with interests of their own. Stanley Sapon, who works on hunger relief, points out that we must take care not to relieve the pain of one living being by inflicting pain on another sentient being. [fn]Stanley M. Sapon, Ph.D., Why Do Some Charities Feed Meat and Other Dubious Foods to the Poor?, The Viva Vine (dated Jan/Feb 2000; last visited 11 July 2005).[/fn] Sapon directs the Maimonides Project, one of many plant-based organizations working on hunger issues. Other groups include VegFam, Food for Life Global, Food Not Bombs, Plenty International, and Eating for Peace.Heifer International attempts to inject a spiritual theme into its work by alluding to the biblical story of Noah in its promotional materials. Religious congregations may be particularly attracted by such images. Its Gift of an Ark is a $5,000 package of two flocks of chicks; two sheep; two trios of rabbits; two beehives; two trios of guinea pigs; two llamas; two camels; two donkeys; two goats; two oxen; two cows; two trios of ducks; two water buffalo; two flocks of geese; and two pigs. Donors to Heifer International are obviously encouraged to treat other animals as commodities when they purchase living gifts from the organizationrsquo;s catalogue in the name of a friend, family member, or colleague.Heifer International provides funding to the Food Safety Network at the University of Guelph in California. [fn]Food Safety Network Funding, The Food Safety Network, available at (last visited 11 July 2005).[/fn] This nonprofit organization is known for promoting biotechnology and opposing the concept of animal rights. In addition to Heifer International, funding for the Food Safety Network comes from corporations and industry lobby groups in the areas of agribusiness, animal research, and the pharmaceutical industry. [fn]Ibid.[/fn]And recently, Heifer International supported the publication of a controversial report based on an experiment encompassing a group of Kenyan schoolchildren. [fn]ldquo;Must#39;ve Herd Her Wrong,rdquo; Spin of the Day, Center for Media and Democracy (publishers of PR Watch; 4 March 2005).[/fn] This experiment was cited in UC Davis Professor Lindsay Allenrsquo;s reference to the decision to raise children in a vegan home as unethical. [fn]There#39;s absolutely no question that it#39;s unethical for parents to bring up their children as strict vegans, Professor Allen said. See Sarah Left, Raising Children as Vegans #39;Unethical#39;, Says Professor – The Guardian (21 February 2005).[/fn]The British Dietetic Association said the study used meat and milk to supplement the diet of impoverished, rural children with a poor background and a diet low in essential nutrients such as zinc, B12 and iron mdash; in short, children whose health would have improved with practically any intervention. So the studyrsquo;s findings, said the Association, were far from broadly applicable.There is no evidence that our vegan and vegetarian children in this country suffer impaired development, an association representative said. The representative added that Professor Allen#39;s assertion that some nutrients could only be obtained from animal sources was incorrect: Vegetarians could obtain sufficient calcium from sesame seeds, nuts and fortified plant milk, and iron from dried fruit and fortified breakfast cereals.It seems Heifer International is on the corporate meat and dairy bandwagon, not Noahrsquo;s Ark.

    • Cheers…to Hip Hop mogul Russell Simmons, for putting the brakes on widely publicized rumors that he would be working with McDonalds to design new ldquo;street wearrdquo; ensemble uniforms for their employees. Simmons was in Vancouver when the story broke, and he quickly issued a statement in the Canadian press: ldquo;Not only is it not true, I am not in talks with them, I#39;m a vegan! It goes against my principles.rdquo; The National Post referred to Simmons as an astute businessperson who will not sell out the environment or abuse animals in the process….to Las Vegas Review Journal columnist John L. Smith, for his July 6 column, ldquo;Let#39;s face facts in the case of Roy Horn: Mauling is what tigers do.rdquo; The U.S. Department of Agriculture recently concluded its investigation into the attack of a Bengal tiger during the October 2003 performance of Siegfried and Roy. Smithrsquo;s column stated: ldquo;For years we have been repeatedly told how happy the large carnivores are in captivity. Yeah, right. And animals are hopping the fence to break into the zoo.rdquo;…to Zac Rich, a student in Bollington, England, for helping Annie, a 52-year-old elephant and the last one performing in England, to be freed from the Bobby Roberts Super Circus. Rich circulated a petition and collected more than 200 signatures from the pupils and teachers at Mottram St. Andrew Primary School. The petition, calling for Annie to be moved to a sanctuary, has been delivered to Ben Bradshaw, the animal health and welfare minister at the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Rich was concerned that Annie has been mistreated mdash; charges the circus denies; but more fundamentally, the ten-year-old also noted that ldquo;it is wrong to take an elephant from its natural habitat and herd.rdquo; And no one with a molecule of morals can deny that….to the residents and commissioners in Douglas County in northeastern Kansas, who supported a ban on shows that travel with tigers, bears, lions, elephants and other exotic animals. Unfortunately, this initiative stopped short of banning circuses that use horses and dogs….to Selfridges department store, for its decision to stop selling fur garments. According to the Independent, the company issued a statement in May: Selfridges has reviewed its policy on fur and will no longer be selling any fur products. This will come into force with immediate effect. The policy revision was made after customer feedback and a decline in demand for fur-related products.nbsp;Jeers…to Craigrsquo;s List, the online bulletin board, for allowing the sale of live animals. According to the San Francisco Chronicle, the East Bay SPCA has been monitoring the list and documented 183 advertisements for non-neutered pit bulls during the month of February alone. The Chronicle reports that 2 dozen shelters and rescue organizations have asked Craigrsquo;s List to ban the sale of certain animals. Please e-mail Craigrsquo;s List and call for a ban which includes the sale of all animals.Jim BuckmasterChief Executive…to Exxon Chair and CEO Lee Raymond, for arguing with self-serving impudence that areas such as the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge should be opened to oil drilling, and that green solutions will never meet the planetrsquo;s energy needs.At the same time that G8 leaders were pressuring President Bush to do more to relieve global warming, Raymond wrote in Exxonrsquo;s publication The Lamp: ldquo;There are many alternative forms of energy that people talk about that may be interesting. But they are not consequential on the scale that will be needed and they may never have a significant impact on the energy balance.rdquo;Contact: Lee RaymondChief Executive OfficerExxon Mobil Corporation5959 Las Colinas BoulevardIrving, Texas 75039-2298…to the Bravo Networkrsquo;s ldquo;Queer Eye for the Straight Guy,rdquo; for their July broadcast in which two lobsters were killed. This particularly offensive edition of the show included a chefrsquo;s demonstration on how to use a knife to ldquo;humanelyrdquo; kill a lobster. Later, the scene was repeated as the ldquo;straight guyrdquo; repeatedly stabbed and then dismembered a lobster.Contact: Bravo Viewer Relationsc/o NBC Entertainment3000 W. Alameda Ave.Burbank, CA 91523…to Sears, for carrying the Cabela Big Game Hunter 2005. The promotional materials for this Playstation game proudly proclaims ldquo;36 big game animals to huntrdquo; and an ldquo;opportunity to bag record-breaking trophies.rdquo; For those who prefer their simulated killing up-close and personal, the game features a ldquo;bullet camrdquo; so players can follow each shot to its destination.Contact:Alan J. LacyChief Executive OfficerSears Holding Corporation3333 Beverly RoadHoffman Estates, IL 601791.847.286.2500

    • MOVEMENT WATCH is an update on recent and current campaigns in the animal advocacy movement, with brief, rights-based analyses. MOVEMENT WATCH does not provide a full overview of any listed advocacy grouprsquo;s work. Campaigns and news items are selected for their legal and social significance.Thanks to our friends at Ánima for providing this document in Spanish on their web site.In this edition, I have the pleasure of sharing a brief synopsis of ldquo;Foundations of a Movement: An Animal Rights Conference,rdquo; which was hosted by Friends of Animals in New York City in July.Respecting the Diversity of LifePeter Galvin is research director for the Center for Biological Diversity. Jay Tutchton is a lawyer who, with a number of energetic law students at the Environmental Law Clinic at Denver University, tirelessly advocates on behalf of the environment and all those who call it home.Together with Friends of Animals President Pricilla Feral, Peter and Jay kicked off the conference by discussing the connection between zoos and canned hunts at Texas hunting ranches.Peter, Priscilla, and Jay also discussed the Arctic Refuge and its importance as the key denning site for polar bears, animals who are also in severe danger from the effects of climate change. Peter Galvin then described an initiative to press the government to halt global warming as part of its legal obligations under the Endangered Species Act. The panel and conference attendees also discussed the importance of the Endangered Species Act in actual terms of rights.The pioneering spirit of cattle ranchers, of course, is a popular image that thwarts animal rights and environmental work alike. That cowboy mystique can and must be addressed in our work on the subjects of horse roundups and the protection of habitat for the entire biocommunity.nbsp;nbsp;Greener Wheels and Lighter FootprintsLoren Lockman, founder and director of the Tanglewood Wellness Center, spoke of treading lightly on the earth and being mindful of the way our day-to-day decisions affect other animals. Choosing products made from organic cotton rather than regular cotton, for example, saves enormous wear and tear on animal habitat by avoiding pesticide use.Peter Galvinrsquo;s car runs on biofuel, and an interesting discussion came up between Peter and Loren about the best way to use vegetable-based fuels. Loren runs a recycled and extremely handsome two-door Mercedes with vegetable oil recycled from restaurants.Replacing Violent Rhetoric with Principled AdvocacyMark Potok, of the Southern Poverty Law Center, addressed the audience as a special guest speaker. Markrsquo;s perspective draws on an admirable career in investigative journalism and a dedication to civil justice. In the talk ldquo;Animal Rights and Environmentalism: Crossing the Line Between the Revolutionary and the Reactionary,rdquo; Mark described trends in animal and environmental activism that parallel the growth of right-wing extremism.Mark also recounted how Morris Dees and the Southern Poverty Law Center have recently intervened in the Sierra Club elections to stop ldquo;the greening of hate.rdquo; Markrsquo;s talk covered the debilitating effect of the violent rhetoric which appear to the outer world as evidencing a lack respect for humanity, for nonhuman animals, and for the environment.This critique has challenged our comfort zones; but then, as Loren Lockman said, there is no growth without discomfort. And when people express anger with a speaker, feminism offers a process for activists to listen to ourselves and each other. During a portion of Mark Potokrsquo;s talk in which a certain segment of activistsrsquo; rhetoric was outlined, one member of the audience did express frustration aloud. Yet the tension did not escalate. The audience member agreed with Friends of Animals to allow an invited presenter to speak with a different voice.Following up on the concerns generated by what Mark Potok called ldquo;shwashbucklingrdquo; activism, my own presentation examined the ways in which activists ldquo;performrdquo; direct action. The talk was intended to raise questions about how best to bring new allies into the animal rights movement, about the self-esteem of the movementrsquo;s representatives, and about the consequences of these factors for the real animals who cannot hold us accountable for the ways in which we represent their interests.Outreach to Science and the MediaScience journalist A.R. Hogan presented a workshop on effective methods of writing commentaries and letters to editors. Richard Twine discussed outreach through web design, illustrating the activism and education inspired by the Ecofeminist Web Ring and web-based journals.Richard also demonstrated the value of ldquo;upstream dialoguerdquo; (conferences and communications designed to inject public opinion before decisions or products are already made) with biotechnologists. Richard discussed the genetic modification of animals used by agribusiness, the use of biotechnology in medicine, and the increasing overlap between the two.Richard additionally explained the difference between British and North American law with regard to patents of processes involving nonhuman animals and on the animals themselves. Finally, Richardrsquo;s talk illustrated the connection between agribusiness and the cloning of pets.Animal Rights and the Dairy CaseAn active group of participants talked about the issue of dairy sales mdash; an issue that has often been relegated to second place in the priorities of environmental or ethical vegetarians. A lively debate surrounded the issue of the ethics of eggs that come from uncaged hens.In a deeply thought-provoking response, Daniel Hammer quoted Donald Watson, who founded The Vegan Society in 1944:One of my earliest recollections is of holidays on my Uncle Georgersquo;s farm where I was surrounded by interesting animals. They all ldquo;gaverdquo; something: the farm horse pulled the plough, the lighter horse pulled the trap, the cows ldquo;gaverdquo; milk, the hens ldquo;gaverdquo; eggs and the cockerel was a useful ldquo;alarm clock;rdquo; I didnrsquo;t realize at that time that he had another function too. The sheep ldquo;gaverdquo; wool. I could never understand what the pigs ldquo;gave,rdquo; but they seemed such friendly creatureshellip;always glad to see me. Then the day came when one of the pigs was killed: I still have vivid recollections of the whole process mdash; including the screams, of coursehellip; I decided that farms mdash; and uncles mdash; had to be reassessedhellip; [fn]George D. Rodgerrsquo;s December 2002 interview with Donald Watson, founder of the Vegan Society, was first published in The Vegan (Summer 2003 edition).[/fn]Perhaps the giving concept needs to be reassessed as well, when itrsquo;s the humans who do the taking from animals we own.Only in Spin WorldSpeaking about necessary reassessments, columnist and book author Mickey Z, in ldquo;Welcome to Spin World: Corporate Propaganda for Vegans,rdquo; wryly, and rightly, observed:Only in Spin World can you have an establishment named Popeyersquo;s Fried Chicken, where the worldrsquo;s most celebrated spinach eater is associated with the charred flesh of tortured and cancerous birds pumped full of hormones and antibiotics and mass-marketed to the underprivileged.Only in Spin World does every fridge come with a meat drawer, a butter shelf, and an egg rack. Do you realize there are no vegetarian refrigerators?nbsp;Life-Affirming and Life-Changing IdeasLiving foods mdash; fruits and vegetables not cooked over 118 degrees F mdash; are high in life-affirming nutrients and in aesthetic quality, and conference participants enjoyed chef Matthew Kenneyrsquo;s spicy Thai collard wraps, followed by a delicious chocolate and coconut pudding. [fn]The demonstration came from New Yorkrsquo;s fine raw-food restaurant Pure Food and Wine, located at 54 Irving Place, New York, NY 10003. Tel: 212-477-1010.[/fn]On that note, New Yorkers Edita Birnkrant, Joan Cameron, Ellie Maldonado, and Sandy Lewis were on hand to recommend the cityrsquo;s best vegetarian dining spots. Bob Orabona of Connecticut photographed the event, and Bill Dollinger of Washington, D.C. was host at the microphone. Friends of Animals Vice President Dianne Forthman arranged the logistics for the entire event; and Jerry Atkins, Donna Labati, Laurel Lundstrom, Belveley Russell, and Susan Russell enjoyed the opportunity to hear the feedback and ideas of activists. A young attendee expressed an desire to ldquo;change my life, beginning today.rdquo; A senior activist said, ldquo;I came to agree with the idea of animal rights many years ago, but Irsquo;m learning a great deal this weekend. Itrsquo;s true, isnrsquo;t it? We never stop growing and learning.rdquo;Love and DominanceFlorida activist Christine Dorchak said, ldquo;I really appreciated the intelligent and thoughtful approach of each presentation and the respect we all showed for differing thoughts and ideas about our movement. So refreshing!rdquo; Christine is an attorney whose group Grey2K USA has successfully helped to shut down a number of dog racing tracks, and is on a mission to end the peculiar custom of dog racing in North America.Vicky Crosetti of the Humane Society of the Tennessee Valley shared a panel with Christine. Vicky talked about the no-kill shelter movement and the problem of overflow into other shelters, and Christine spoke of the role of love in fundamental change.Ecofeminist author Brian Luke, together with Daniel Hammer, discussed the importance of appreciating just letting deer pass through our lives and our gardens. Brian Lukersquo;s photographic slide show focused on physical posture, gestures, and gender in scenes from the infamous Hegins pigeon shoot. Participants talked with Brian and Daniel about the idea of masculinity and how people react to vegans or animal rights activists in terms of gender expectations.Brian also discussed the connection between love and dominance in our culture, during a panel shared with Lee Hall which focused on Catharine MacKinnon#39;s essay ldquo;Of Mice and Men: A Feminist Fragment on Animal Rights.rdquo; [fn]See Lee Hall, ldquo;Some Thoughts on Catharine MacKinnonrsquo;s Essay lsquo;Of Mice and Menrsquo;rdquo; (Winter 2004/2005 issue of this publication).[/fn]The disrespect thatrsquo;s routinely shown to other animals has become so ingrained that we do not even see it as domination. A radical change in perspective will enable us to make our stand in the place where such deeply-rooted exploitation could be successfully challenged. As much as any 48 hours can be, our conference was a journey to that place. A sincere thank-you to our readers for being a part of this journey.

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